Migraine is a state in which a person suffers severe constant headaches, which can last up to hours or even days, followed by other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound, and can impact a person's quality of life. It is considered to be a neurological disorder.
There are two types of migraines: migraine with aura and migraine without aura:
Migraine with aura is characterized by visual disturbances, such as flashing lights or zigzag patterns, that occur before the headache.
Migraine without aura is the more common form of migraine and is characterized by severe headaches without any visual disturbances.
Doctors and researchers have still not found the exact cause of migraine, but it is believed to be related to changes in brain chemistry and blood flow. Several factors can trigger migraines, including stress, changes in sleep patterns, strong smells, certain foods and drinks, and certain types of weather.
Several treatment options are proven effective in treating migraines, including medications and non-pharmacological treatments. Medications can relieve symptoms during a migraine attack and prevent future attacks. Non-pharmacological treatments, such as relaxation techniques, acupuncture, and physiotherapy, can also effectively manage migraines.